Peperomia plants boast various interesting shapes, textures and colours. Their fleshy and thick leaves contribute to the plant’s drought tolerance and vigour. Being adaptable to low light and compact in size, Peperomia is a great addition to liven up almost any indoor spot.
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Below is a general care guide for Peperomia plants which can slightly differ depending on variety.
Light & Temperature
Peperomia plants thrive in medium to bright indirect light but can tolerate low light conditions. Sufficient light will help keep its leaves vibrant and healthy while too little light can result in fewer leaves, leaf drop and dull coloration. Direct sun should be avoided as it can scorch the leaves. As tropical plants, Peperomias prefer a humid and warm environment.
Watering, Humidity & Misting
Peperomias prefer to slightly or completely dry out between waterings. Typically, it only needs to be watered once every 7-10 days. Remember that their leaves are able to store water so it is safer to keep them on the dry side, rather than overwatering them.
Most varieties of Peperomia can also tolerate low humidity while some will require higher humidity and therefore some misting. The best guide is to check the leaves. The thicker and more succulent the leaves appear, the lower humidity levels the plant will allow.
Soil and Repotting
A well-draining potting mix is essential for Peperomia plants.
They are generally slow growers and can live for years in a relatively small pot or planter. Peperomias also do well in a somewhat root-bound existence so they don’t usually need to be repotted unless roots start coming out of the drainage holes.
Peperomia plants are easy to propagate by cuttings. Simply cut a leaf with an inch of stem from the mother plant and place the cutting in a small pot filled with fresh soil. You can choose to cover it with a plastic wrap to create a mini greenhouse environment and help retain moisture. Water regularly and you should be able to see roots forming within a few weeks.
As a slow-growing epiphyte, Peperomia plants have very light fertilising needs. Use a balanced fertiliser and be careful not to overdo it.
Peperomia plants are non-toxic and is therefore safe around kids and/or pets.
Under the right care and conditions, your plant will grow happy and healthy. But here are some issues you may encounter while caring for a Peperomia:
Spider mites, whitefly and mealybugs - When spotted, give a thorough wipe down of leaves with soapy water or insecticidal soap. Repeated application will be necessary.
Wilting plant, dry soil - This is usually due to underwatering. Water the plant and monitor soil moisture levels.
Yellowing leaves, black stems - This is because of too much water. Let the plant dry out and adjust watering care given moving forward.